دوشنبه 1 آبان 1396
به پورتال جامع کنگره ها - سمینارها و همایشهای دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تبریز خوش آمدید
   October 23, 2017
   
   
     
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Title Relationship between severity of asthma and Early maladaptive schemas (EMS)
Authors Akbar Sharifi, MD*. Masoud Nazemiyeh, MD, Horiyeh Shojaan, MD, Maryam Mohammadi
Abstract objective: Early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) are varieties of cognitive styles that are formed during the early period of human development and affect his behaviors and have impacts on the functional performance of asthmatic patients. EMS are varieties of cognitive styles that are formed during the early period of human development continuing throughout life and affecting future behaviors and interactions with the environment.The focus of this study is on the probable relationship between the personality schemas and the severity of asthma. material and method: Fifty stable patients with asthma were diagnosed according the American Thoracic Society and theEuropeanRespiratory Society (ATS/ERS) criteria enrolled in an analytic-descriptive study in the department of pulmonary division of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. We measured the personality schema of patients by using Young schema questionnaire-Sort form (YSQ-SF; Young, 1994) and the patients objective and clinical severity of asthma assessed by spirometry and Asthma Control Test) ACT (questionnaire . Results The mean age was 30.6 years, and 52% were male patients. No significant difference was found in age, sex, or BMI between the clinical and objective parameters of asthma (such as FEV1 and FEV1/FVC). According to ACT scores, 75% (n = 35) of patients were in the controlled group and 25% (n = 15) in the uncontrolled group. Uncontrolled asthma versus controlled asthma had significant defect in Disconnection domain (P=0.001), Significant reverse liner correlation was found between FEV1 and Disconnection domain, Rejection schema area (R= -0.296, P=0.037), FEV1 and Overvigilance domain (R= -0,362, P=0.010) and significant reverse linear correlation was found between FEV1/FVC and Overvigilance domain (R= -0.410, P=0.003). Conclusion: In our study, there was strong association between EMSs and asthma severity, particularly if asthma is uncontrolled. The findings suggest that EMSs and the severity of asthma are related and a psychologist evaluation for EMSs may be necessary in asthma patients who have severe, recurring symptoms.
Keywords Asthma, Personality Schema, Asthma severity
 
     
     
 
 
     
     
 
 
     
     
 

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