Effectiveness of health promotion model on nutritional behavior program on the Middle school students in Mashhad-2010
Background: Iron deficiency is the most common nutritional deficiency
in adolescent girls and young. According to WHO, prevalence of Iron deficiency anemia is
about 30% worldwide. Prevalence of Iron deficiency anemia in the developing countries is
about 40%. It is estimated that iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia involve 2150 and
1200 million individuals, respectively. The important strategy for prevention of
anemia is Changing people's diet and nutrition education .This study determine the effect of
health promotion model on Improving student nutrition behaviors.
Methods: This was a interventional study in which data was gathered using questionnaire
for Middle school students Questionnaire was including demographic details and data related
to preventive behaviors of anemia. Subjects were at the same age group (from 11 to 15 year
old ) with similar sex distribution. Intervention was conducted with five sessions . study
group were compared with control group after 45 days. Data analysis performed using
descriptive and inferential statistic.
Results: this study showed that after intervention, efficiency, define, control, perceived
health benefits, barriers, impact interpersonal and behavioral factors had statistically
significant with control group and with study group before intervention.
The most positive correlation was between efficacy and perceived barriers (r =.609, p<.05 )
Also perceived benefits had not statistically significant with before .
Conclusion: Iron deficiency anemia is a preventable disease and Teenager Girls are highly at
risk of the disease. It seems that more preventive programs such as education and Improve
eating habits can reduce the risk of the disease. So more education, sensitization and developing appropriate health beliefs is recommended.
Key words: behavior, nutrition, health promotion model, student, education
behavior, nutrition, health promotion model, student, education