Utilizing the PRECEDE Model to predict Quality of Life related Factors in patients with Ulcer Peptic Disease in Sanandaj, Iran
Objectives: Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD), which is a prevalent disease, can have a considerable impact on patients’ quality of life (QOL). The aim of this study was to explore the factors related to QOL based on PRECEDE Model in patients with PUD in Sanandaj, Iran.
Materials and methods: A non-probability sample of 120 outpatients with PUD, referring to Beasat Hospital , in the city of Sanandaj participated in the study. The study took place between March and June of 2009. A descriptive, cross-sectional design was employed and the data were collected using a survey questionnaire based on PRECEDE model, consisting of QOL, Health Status, predisposing, reinforcing and enabling factors and self-management behaviors constructs. The data collected by interview and analyzed by SPSS v. 11.5 . The statistical analysis of the data included Pearson correlation, t- test, one-way ANOVA and linear regression.
Results: Health status (p<0.01) , reinforcing (p<0.01) and enabling (p<0.05) factors and knowledge (p<0.05) as a predisposing factor were related to quality of life of peptic ulcer patients. Also, social support as a reinforcing factor (p<0.01) and health status (p<0.05) showed significant relationship with self-management behaviors. Finally, all of PRECEDE variables accounted for 68.9% of the variation of quality of life in PUD patients.
Conclusion: With respect to the results of this study, preparing an educational program to promote self-management behaviors and quality of life in peptic ulcer patients is proposed. It was concluded that the PRECEDE Model may be used in developing countries, like Iran, as a framework for planning intervention programs in an attempt to improve the quality of life of patients with PUD.
Quality of Life,Peptic Ulcer Disease, PRECEDE model, Health Status, Self-management behaviors