Prevalence and Determinants of Intimate Partner Violence against Women in Marivan, Iran
1- Haidar Nadrian, Ph.D. Student in Health Education. School of Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
2- Roonama Nouri B.S. in Public Health, director of public health unit (school health) in Marivan County Health Care Center, Kurdistan
3- Ghazizadeh Ahmad Ph.D., Assistant Professor in Biostatistics, School of Health, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
Introduction: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a major health risk factor that affects people from all ethnic and socioeconomic groups. IPV defined as the use of actual or threatened physical, sexual, and psychological violence, by current husband, is a significant public health problem. This paper reports the prevalence of IPV as well as individual, socioeconomic, and family function characteristics associated with IPV among women attending public health services in Marivan County, Iran.
Materials and Methods: Multistage cluster sampling was employed to recruit 770 women to participate in the study. This descriptive, cross-sectional study took place from May to November 2009. Data were collected, using a survey questionnaire, which was developed by the researchers. The statistical analysis of data included ANOVA, t-test, bivariate correlations, and binary logistic regression.
Results: The majority of the women (94.3%) had experienced psychological violence, followed by sexual violence (64%), and physical violence (60%). There was a positive significant relationship between IPV and education level of women, level of religious commitment in both women and husbands. Husband’s smoking, addiction to drugs, mental illness, and weakness in religious persuasion were statistically significant predictors of IPV and accounted for 36% of the variation.
Discussion: The study suggests that major strategies for prevention of IPV may be empowering women by establishing economic basis for job creation for them and also increasing their level of education. Further research, especially in developing countries, is suggested to enhance our understanding of IPV against women.
Keywords Intimate Partner Violence; Women; Marivan County; Iran