Comparative study of Group and Individual Education on the level of Knowledge, Attitude and practice of Self Care in Burned patients
Nayele Ezati, M.Sc. Academic Staff Member of Medical Faculty Department (Nursing Group) at Islamic Azad University-Tabriz Branch.
Burn is the third leading cause of death, leading to decrease quality of life and disability. Deformity and dysfunction in afflicted patients make their return to community hard. They often apply inappropriate coping strategies, resulting in incompliance with the disease, lack of seeking assistance and impairment of health condition. This study was conducted to determine the effect of individual and group education on knowledge, attitude and self care skills of burned patients at burn center of Tabriz in 2010.
Material and Methods:
In this quasi-experimental study, the samples consisted of 80 burned patients between the ages of 15 to 60, were selected with convenience sampling. They allocated randomly to two groups to receive either individual or group education (40 patients in each groups). The patients received one day education program about self care. The patients' knowledge, attitude and practice of self care were assessed before and after the interventions. The data were compared between two groups. The data were analyzed by Spss software (version 14), descriptive and inferential statistics such as independent T-test, ANOVA, and Chi.
The finding showed that before education programs, the level of knowledge and practice about self care were poor and the attitude was negative. After education, the level of the knowledge, attitude and practice of both groups improved. There was no statistically significant difference between two groups.
The effects of group and individual education on burned patients are similar, but it seems that group education is more economical. This study indicates that heath education programs can lead to increase health knowledge and improving attitude and practice of self care in burned patients.
Keywords: Self care, Education, Burned patient, Knowledge, Attitude