The First International & 4th National Congress on health Education & Promotion, 2011

Title
Knowledge, attitude and practice of breast cancer screening methods in a female population of sanandaj
Authors
مرشد بهبهاني بهار 1، داد خواه تهرانی تهمینه 2، غریبی فردین 3، فرهادی فر فریبا 4 بیگی زاده شیوا 5 1 کارشناس ارشد بهداشت مادر و کودک عضو هيأت علمي دانشگاه علوم پزشكي جهرم 2 کارشناس ارشد بهداشت مادر و کودک عضو هيأت علمي دانشگاه علوم پزشكي قم 3 کارشناس ارشد اپیدمیولوژی کارشناس پژوهش دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان 4 متخصص زنان و زایمان عضو هیات هلمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان 5 کارشناس ارشد آمار عضو هيأت علمي دانشگاه علوم پزشكي جهرم
Abstract
Introduction It is well known that breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in all countries. Since risk factors for breast cancer are not easily modified, early detection is a critical means of reducing breast cancer mortality. In Iran, the incidence of the breast cancer is increasing ,patients present with advanced stage of disease and they are relatively younger (about 10 y) than their Western counterparts(6) To investigate the issue in Iran, this paper reports data on a study of breast cancer screening methods Knowledge ,attitude and practice among Iranian women in sanandaj Materials & Methods This cross-sectional survey was conducted among women who came to the health centers of sanandaj. Data on Knowledge ,attitude and practice regarding breast cancer screening methods were collected by means of a structured questionnaire , and 314 completed questionnaire was analyzed. Findings The mean age of the respondents was 29.72y , and most were married (86.6%). The majority of the respondents believed that ‘breast cancer is the most common cancer in women’ (94.3%). Results showed that 47.2% of the women had poor knowledge about screening method and 37.8% had moderate, 15% had good, and 55% had poor attitude about screening method. Only 4.3% reported that they perform BSE and 52.6% has never do it . 9505% indicated that they never perform mammography .We found a poor positive correlation between the gravidity of women and knowledge from sign of breast cancer (r=0.14) and breast cancer risk factor(r=0.23) and total knowledge(r=0.17). Discussion & Conclusion: The findings suggest that although the majority of Iranian women who came to clinics seem to be quite knowledgeable about breast cancer screening method, they need more education on breast cancer and BSE and other prevention methods. Since women’ beliefs and behaviors may have an impact on young women, planning of training courses for this group is essential.
Keywords
breast cancer screening method-knowledge- attitude –practice
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